Author Topic: Principles of pre-reading activities and some examples  (Read 13778 times)

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Offline Victor

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Principles of pre-reading activities and some examples
« on: December 02, 2006, 03:36:11 PM »
Here are the important principles of pre-reading activities and some examples of how to do them.

Use pre-reading activities to prepare students for reading
The activities you use during pre-reading may serve as preparation in several ways. During pre-reading you may:

Assess students' background knowledge of the topic and linguistic content of the text
Give students the background knowledge necessary for comprehension of the text, or activate the existing knowledge that the students possess
Clarify any cultural information which may be necessary to comprehend the passage
Make students aware of the type of text they will be reading and the purpose(s) for reading
Provide opportunities for group or collaborative work and for class discussion activities
Sample pre-reading activities:

Using the title, subtitles, and divisions within the text to predict content and organization or sequence of information
Looking at pictures, maps, diagrams, or graphs and their captions
Talking about the author's background, writing style, and usual topics
Skimming to find the theme or main idea and eliciting related prior knowledge
Reviewing vocabulary or grammatical structures
Reading over the comprehension questions to focus attention on finding that information while reading
Constructing semantic webs (a graphic arrangement of concepts or words showing how they are related)
Doing guided practice with guessing meaning from context or checking comprehension while reading
Pre-reading activities are most important at lower levels of language proficiency and at earlier stages of reading instruction. As students become more proficient at using reading strategies, you will be able to reduce the amount of guided pre-reading and allow students to do these activities themselves.


Offline icarus

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Re: Principles of pre-reading activities and some examples
« Reply #1 on: January 12, 2007, 08:04:43 AM »
Hİ..please could you gime more examples about the pre-reading activities.l have a exam about  it and l need your  help .ıf you  show pre-reading activites in a short article by adding multiple -option quiz at the end of it l will be glad  :).